Blueface Angelfish

Pomacanthus Xanthometopon
Blueface Angelfish - Marinewise © 2024 MarineWise

Quick Facts

Scientific name Pomacanthus Xanthometopon
Other names Bluefaced Angelfish, Yellow-faced Angelfish, Yellowmask Angelfish
Size Up to 38 cm (15 in)
Weight Up to 1 kg (2.2 lb)


Habitat & AU Distribution Clear lagoons, reefs, and surge channels.
Depth Range
Blueface Angelfish Distribution Australia

Interesting Info

  • The Blueface Angelfish are a semi-aggressive fish and are generally solitary but can be found in pairs. Young fish stay in the shallows whilst adults can be found in up to 25 m (82 ft).
  • Blueface Angelfish like many other Angelfish are broadcast spawners, releasing their eggs and sperm towards the top of the water column or surface at dusk. The fertilised eggs then float with the current and eventually settle on the bottom.
  • Juveniles are very different to adults, with dark blue and black colours highlighted by light blue and white lines. The change in juvenile colours to adults starts when the fish reach the length of 7 to 12 cm (2.8 to 4.7 in).
  • These fish are omnivores and primarily feed on algae and sponges, but also eat small invertebrates, zooplankton and plants.
  • Estimates on lifespan have them reaching up to 21 years of age.
  • The main predators of angelfish include sharks, larger predatory fish and marine mammals.
Species Interaction

Aquarium & Reef

The Blueface Angelfish also known as the Yellowfaced Angelfish is a popular reef species known for its unique facial features that resemble a mask. Juvenile fish typically stay in the shallows of inner reefs and lagoons whilst adults can be found on the outer reef in caves or crevices.

The fish has a large range across the eastern part of the tropical Indo-Pacific Ocean, Maldives, Australia and as far north as Japan and Taiwan.

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Pomacanthidae

Genus: Pomacanthus

Species: Pomacanthus xanthometopon

Conservation Status

Based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the Blueface Angelfish is currently categorised as “Least Concern”(LC).

LC is the lowest category on the scale for risk with “Extinct”(EX) being the highest.

Fish Taste Quality

Blueface Angelfish are a edible fish but are not a targeted species for consumption.

Taste Rating: 0/5

How to catch
Blueface Angelfish

Catch Difficulty: Easy

Tackle: Running Sinker Rig

Bait: Sponge, Weed, Worms

Popularity: Not targeted

Blueface Angelfish
As Aquarium Fish

Care Level: Moderate

Temperament: Shy

Diet: Omnivore

Reef Compatible: With caution

Minimum Tank Size: 250 gallons

Recreational Viewing
- Snorkeling & Scuba

Finding: Easy

Temperament: Shy

Danger: None