Bluethroat Wrasse

Notolabrus Tetricus
Bluethroat Wrasse - Marinewise © 2024 MarineWise

Quick Facts

Scientific name Notolabrus Tetricus
Other names Bluehead Parrotfish, Bluenose Parrotfish, Bluethroat Parrotfish, Kelpie, Lilac Banded Parrotfish, Rocky Bream, Rocky Cod, Winter Bream
Size Up to 50 cm (19.68 in)
Weight Up to 1.5 kg (3.3 lb)


Habitat & AU Distribution Deeper coastal waters amongst weedy, rocky areas & reef
Depth Range 1 - 30 m (100 ft)
Bluethroat Wrasse Distribution

Interesting Info

  • The Bluethroat wrasse is a species of wrasse that is native to the coastal waters of southern Australia and Tasmania.
  • The fish has a unique colour pattern, with males being generally more brightly coloured than females. Males typically have a reddish-orange coloration on their upper bodies, with a blue-green coloration on their lower bodies, while females are generally a duller reddish-brown colour.
  • Bluethroat wrasses are known for their ability to change colour to match their surroundings, which helps them blend in and avoid predators.
  • They feed primarily on small crustaceans, molluscs, and other invertebrates found in the rocky reef and seagrass habitats where they live.
  • They are diurnal, meaning they are most active during the day and rest at night.
  • Bluethroat wrasses are known to breed during the summer months in Australia, typically between December and March. During this time, males will display their bright coloration, including the blue throat, in order to attract females.
  • Estimated lifespan is up to 10 years in the wild.
Species Interaction

Recreational Fishing, Snorkeling & Diving

Bluethroat wrasses are a popular recreational fish to catch along the southern coast of Australia. They are prized for their fighting ability and are often caught by anglers using bait such as prawns or small fish. They are also a beautiful and colourful fish that can be a delight to observe for snorkelers and divers. They are commonly found in rocky reef and seagrass habitats and can often be seen swimming in small groups or schools.

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Labridae

Genus: Notolabrus

Species: Notolabrus Tetricus

Conservation Status

The conservation status of the Bluethroat wrasse in Australia is currently listed as “Least Concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). This means that the species is not considered to be at significant risk of extinction, although localized declines due to overfishing or habitat degradation may occur.

Fish Taste Quality

Bluethroat wrasse is considered a good eating fish by some people who enjoy its firm white flesh and mild flavour. However, most wrasse are not a targeted fish for many Australians.

Taste Rating: 2/5

How to catch
Bluethroat Wrasse

Catch Difficulty: Intermediate

Tackle: Running Sinker Rig

Bait: Crab, Fresh cut flesh baits, Pilchards, Prawns, Squid, Worms

Technique: Keep bait on the bottom, Keep bait close to the reef/structure

Popularity: Targeted

Recreational Viewing
- Snorkeling & Scuba

Finding: Easy

Temperament: Peaceful

Location: Inner Reef, Outer Reef, Seagrass Beds

Danger: None