Brownfield’s Wrasse

Halichoeres Brownfieldi
Brownfield's Wrasse - Marinewise © 2023 MarineWise

Quick Facts

Scientific name Halichoeres Brownfieldi
Family Wrasse / Labridae
Size Up to 15 cm (5.9 in)
Weight Up to 70 g (2.46 oz)


Habitat & AU Distribution Coastal waters amongst algae covered reefs next to seagrass beds
Depth Range 5 - 30 m (98 ft)

Interesting Info

  • The Brownfield Wrasse is a species of wrasse fish that is found only in the waters off Western Australia.
  • This species was first described by Australian ichthyologist Dr Gerald R. Allen in 1997, and was named in honour of his friend and colleague, Dr Robert Brownfield.
  • Males of the species are typically larger and more brightly coloured than females, with vibrant green and blue stripes running along their body. Females have a more subdued coloration, with pale green and white stripes.
  • They are a carnivorous fish that primarily feeds on small invertebrates such as crustaceans and molluscs. They are also known to eat small fish and other small organisms that are available in their habitat.
  • Like many other wrasses, Brownfield Wrasse are able to change their coloration and pattern depending on their mood and environment, allowing them to blend in with their surroundings and communicate with other fish.
  • These fish are known to form monogamous pairs during the breeding season, which usually occurs from late spring to early summer (October to December).
  • Estimated lifespan is up to 5 years.
Species Interaction

Aquarium, Snorkeling & Diving

The Brownfield Wrasse is not commonly kept as an aquarium fish however some experienced hobbyist do sometimes collect them. They are more commonly observed in the wild by snorkelers and divers where it can be an exciting and rewarding experience. These fish are known for their bold and curious nature, and are often seen swimming in and around coral reefs and rocky outcrops.

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Labridae

Genus: Halichoeres

Species: Halichoeres Brownfieldi

Conservation Status

The conservation status of the Brownfield Wrasse in Australia is currently listed as “Least Concern” by the Australian Government’s Department of Agriculture, Water and the Environment. This means that the species is not considered to be in immediate danger of extinction or significant decline in Australia.

Brownfield’s Wrasse
As Aquarium Fish

Care Level: Moderate

Temperament: Peaceful

Diet: Carnivore

Reef Compatible: Yes

Minimum Tank Size: 80 gallons

Recreational Viewing
- Snorkeling & Scuba

Finding: Intermediate

Temperament: Curious

Location: Inner Reef, Lagoon

Danger: None

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