Common Galaxias

Galaxias maculatus
Common Galaxias - Marinewise © 2023 MarineWise

Quick Facts

Scientific name Galaxias maculatus
Other names Common Jollytail, Eel Gudgeon, Inanga, Lananga, Native Trout, Pulangi, Slippery Tarki, Spotted Minnow, Turket
Size Up to 19 cm (7.4 in)
Weight Under 20 grams


Habitat & AU Distribution Fresh, brackish & marine waters in streams, rivers, lakes & estuaries amongst wooden debris & vegetation
Depth Range 0 - 3 m (10 ft)
Common Galaxias Distribution

Interesting Info

  • The Common Galaxias is a freshwater fish species found in Tasmania. The species has also been introduced to several locations outside of its natural range, including parts of Victoria, New South Wales, South and Western Australia.
  • They have a streamlined body shape with a silvery-grey coloration and a series of black spots along their sides. They have a small head with a pointed snout and a slightly upturned mouth.
  • They are omnivorous, feeding on a variety of food sources, including insects, crustaceans, and small fish.
  • Common Galaxias are primarily nocturnal, which means they are most active at night.
  • The breeding season for Common Galaxias typically occurs in late winter to early spring (August-September). During the breeding season, male fish build nests, known as ‘redds,’ in gravel substrates, where they fertilise the eggs laid by the female.
  • In Tasmania, Common Galaxias are protected under the Tasmanian Nature Conservation Act 2002. However, they are widespread and stable in other states.
  • Their lifespan is estimated to be around 5 years.
Species Interaction

Aquarium & Recreational Fishing

Common Galaxias are more commonly kept in aquariums rather than targeted for fishing. They are often sought after by freshwater aquarium enthusiasts due to their elegant appearance and ease of care. However, in certain areas they are targeted for fly fishing.

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Osmeriformes

Family: Galaxiidae

Genus: Galaxias

Species: Galaxias maculatus

Conservation Status

The conservation status of the Common Galaxias is assessed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) as “Least Concern”. This is because it is a widespread and relatively abundant species across its range in Australia. In some regions, the species is protected by conservation laws. In Tasmania, the Common Galaxias is listed as a protected species under the Tasmanian Nature Conservation Act 2002.

How to catch
Common Galaxias

Catch Difficulty: Intermediate

Tackle: Artificial Rig

Bait: Lures, Insects, Flies

Technique: Cast lures close to structure

Popularity: Targeted

Common Galaxias
As Aquarium Fish

Care Level: Easy to moderate

Temperament: Peaceful

Diet: Omnivore

Reef Compatible: No

Minimum Tank Size: 30 gallons

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