Fiveband Wrasse

Hemigymnus Fasciatus
Fiveband Wrasse - Marinewise © 2024 MarineWise

Quick Facts

Scientific name Hemigymnus Fasciatus
Other names Banded Thicklip, Barred Thicklip, Barred Wrasse, Fivebanded Wrasse
Size Up to 30 cm (11.8 in)
Weight Up to 2 kg (4.4 lb)


Habitat & AU Distribution Coastal waters amongst sandy & rubble areas next to reefs
Depth Range 1 - 15 m (49 ft)
Fiveband Wrasse Distribution

Interesting Info

  • The Fiveband Wrasse is a species of marine fish that is found along the northern coast of Australia, including Western Australia, the Northern Territory and Queensland.
  • They have a distinctive appearance that makes them easily recognisable. The fish has a relatively elongated body with a pointed snout and a terminal mouth. The body is laterally compressed and covered with large scales, giving it a rough texture.
  • The coloration and markings of the Fiveband Wrasse differ between males and females. Males tend to be brighter in colour, with more vivid stripes, and elongated dorsal and anal fins. Females are generally more subdued in coloration, with less distinct stripes and shorter fins.
  • They are a carnivorous fish that feeds on small invertebrates, such as crustaceans and molluscs, and they may also feed on small fishes.
  • The reproductive biology of the Fiveband Wrasse is not well understood, but it is believed to be a simultaneous hermaphrodite, meaning that it has both male and female reproductive organs.
  • Estimated lifespan is up to 15 years.
Species Interaction

Recreational Fishing, Aquarium, Snorkeling & Diving

The Fiveband Wrasse is a targeted species for fishing, particularly in areas such as the Great Barrier Reef where it is commonly found. The fish is highly valued for its sporting qualities and is considered a good table fish. They are also a popular aquarium fish due to its striking appearance and active behaviour. The same goes for snorkeling or diving, as they are very active swimmers and can often be seen swimming in schools or pairs, making them easy to spot in the water.

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Labridae

Genus: Hemigymnus

Species: Hemigymnus Fasciatus

Conservation Status

The conservation status of the Fiveband Wrasse in Australia is currently listed as “Least Concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List. This means that the species is considered to be at a low risk of extinction or population decline.

Fish Taste Quality

Fiveband wrasse are considered to be a good eating fish and are sometimes caught by recreational anglers. Their meat is white, firm, with a mild flavour.

Taste Rating: 3/5

How to catch
Fiveband Wrasse

Catch Difficulty: Easy

Tackle: Running Sinker Rig, Artificial Rig

Bait: Crab, Fresh cut flesh baits, Lures, Pilchards, Prawns, Squid, Worms

Technique: Keep bait on the bottom, Keep bait close to the reef/structure

Popularity: Targeted

Fiveband Wrasse
As Aquarium Fish

Care Level: Easy to moderate

Temperament: Peaceful

Diet: Carnivore

Reef Compatible: Yes

Minimum Tank Size: 150 gallons