Freshwater Sole

Brachirus selheimi
Freshwater Sole - Marinewise © 2024 MarineWise

Quick Facts

Scientific name Brachirus selheimi
Other names Selheim's Sole
Size Up to 15 cm (5.90 in)
Weight Under 30 grams


Habitat & AU Distribution Fresh & brackish waters in estuaries & rivers amongst sandy areas
Depth Range 0 - 10 m (32 ft)
Freshwater Sole Distribution

Interesting Info

  • Freshwater sole are a species of flatfish found in the Northern Territory and Queensland. They are commonly found in shallow estuaries and coastal waters, and is often associated with sandy or muddy substrates of fresh and brackish waters.
  • They have a oval-shaped body that is typically brown or grey in colour with small dark spots.
  • The freshwater sole is a demersal fish, which means it lives and feeds near the ocean floor. They feed on small crustaceans, fish, molluscs, and worms.
  • Like other flatfish, freshwater sole has both eyes on the same side of its head, which helps it camouflage itself on the ocean floor. They have a small mouth with sharp teeth, which they use to catch their prey.
  • They are known to breed during the winter months, with females producing eggs that are fertilised by males in the water.
  • There is limited information available about the lifespan. However, similar species of soles within the family Soleidae are known to have a lifespan of up to 15 years in the wild.
Species Interaction

Recreational Fishing

Recreational fishing for freshwater sole is not very common, as this species is not a popular game fish and is not typically targeted by recreational anglers. However, they can occasionally be caught by anglers using baited hooks or lures in estuaries or shallow coastal waters, where the fish are known to live.

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Pleuronectiformes

Family: Soleidae

Genus: Brachirus

Species: Brachirus selheimi

Conservation Status

The conservation status of freshwater sole, is not well-known due to the limited data available on its population size and distribution. However, this species is not considered to be threatened or endangered according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List.

Fish Taste Quality

Freshwater sole is known to have a mild and delicate flavour, similar to other small flatfish species.

Taste Rating: 3/5

How to catch
Freshwater Sole

Catch Difficulty: Easy

Tackle: Running Sinker Rig, Artificial Rig

Bait: Lures, Pilchards, Prawns, Worms, Yabbies, Soft plastics, Live minnow

Technique: Keep bait close to structure, Cast lures close to structure

Popularity: Targeted