Northern Anchovy

Thryssa Hamiltonii
Northern Anchovy - Marinewise © 2024 MarineWise

Quick Facts

Scientific name Thryssa Hamiltonii
Other names Hamilton's Anchovy, Hamilton's Thryssa
Size Up to 27 cm (10.6 in)
Weight Up to .40 kg (.88 lb)


Habitat & AU Distribution River mouths & coastal waters
Depth Range
Northern Anchovy Distribution

Interesting Info

  • The Hamilton’s Anchovy is a brackish water fish being found in both rivers and coastal waters, in estimated depths up to 13 m (42 ft).
  • Hamilton Thryssa like most anchovies are generally used as a bait fish.
  • These fish are omnivores and primarily feed on plankton, prawns and copepods.
  • No established lifespan, presumably between 3 and 5 years, like many others in its family.
  • They are an important food source in the food chain.
  • The main predators of anchovy include seabirds, dolphins, sharks, larger predatory fish and marine mammals.
Species Interaction

Recreational Fishing

Hamilton’s anchovy also known as the Northern anchovy are not a highly targeted fish. Like other anchovy, they are often used as a baitfish but can be popular with certain types of dishes for human consumption.

The Hamilton Thryssa can be found throughout norther parts of Western Australia, across the Northern Territory and most of Queensland.

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Clupeiformes

Family: Engraulidae

Genus: Thryssa

Species: Thryssa hamiltonii

Conservation Status

There is little information on the conservation status of the Hamiltion’s Anchovy. This species has not been evaluated by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Fish Taste Quality

Hamilton’s anchovy are a edible fish but not a targeted species for consumption.

Taste Rating: 1/5

How to catch
Northern Anchovy

Catch Difficulty: Intermediate

Tackle: Floater Rig

Bait: Lures, Prawns

Technique: Slowly sink bait towards bottom

Popularity: Not targeted