- Shortbill Spearfish are a migratory species preferring tropical and temperate waters and can be found in depths down to 1,830 m (6,003 ft) but are usually found in depths of 350 m (1,148 ft) or less.
- They are a apex predator using their bill to stun, injure or kill prey prior to swallowing them. Diet consists of baitfish, squid & crustaceans.
- Female spearfish are slightly larger than males.
- The Shortbill Spearfish spawn during winter months in warmer offshore currents, the fish larvae are pelagic.
- These spearfish mature at around the age of 2 and have a average lifespan of 3 years. The maximum age is estimated at 4 to 5 years.
- They are a targeted sports fish for anglers around the world.
- Main predators of spearfish include sharks, larger predatory fish when they are younger & anglers.
Shortbill Spearfish are a popular sports fish with minimal to no commercial importance in Australia. They are highly regarded in Japan for sashimi and fish cakes.
The Australian distribution of Shortbill Spearfish are throughout the country except for the Northern Territory.
Species: Tetrapturus angustirostris
Based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), the Shortbill Spearfish is categorised as “Data Deficient” as there is not enough information on the species for proper assessment.
Fish Taste Quality
Shortbill Spearfish are an average table fish with a mild flavour – known more for catch & release fishing. Although highly popular in parts of Asia & Hawaii.
Taste Rating: 3/5
How to catch
Catch Difficulty: Intermediate
Tackle: Artificial Rig, Large circle hook rigged on leader with/without sinker with a crimp sleeve
Bait: Lures, Pilchards, Slimy Mackerel, Bonito, Tuna
Technique: Trolling, Cast lures with a fast retrieve