Lates Calcarifer
Barramundi - Marinewise © 2023 MarineWise

Quick Facts

Scientific name Lates Calcarifer
Other names Barra, Barramunda, Cock-up, Palmer Perch, Sea Perch, Silver Barramundi, Asian Sea Bass
Size Up to 200 cm (78 in)
Weight Up to 60 kg (132 lb)


Habitat & AU Distribution Estuaries, mangroves, brackish water, shallow coastal waters
Depth Range
Barramundi Distribution

Interesting Info

  • General diet includes small fish, insects, crustaceans (prawns, crabs, etc) and molluscs. They are a very opportunistic fish that will eat most things in their environment.
  • They can eat prey up to 60% of their own size and can live in fresh or saltwater.
  • The lifespan of a barramundi can be up to 20 years. They are protandrous hermaphrodites, meaning they change sex from male to female during their lives. They become sexually mature as males at around the 3 to 4 year mark and then can change into females from the 5th year on.
  • Females can produce between 30 – 40 million eggs during a breeding season (October – April).
  • Over 90% die in the first weeks or months of life.
  • They are a popular sports fish amongst anglers on light tackle.
  • The colour of barramundi is distinct to their environment. Those living in saltwater typically have a lighter grey tint with silver under body and yellowish fins. Freshwater fish have a darker greenish-blue top side with a golden belly and dark brown fins.
  • Main predators of barramundi include other large fish including barramundi themselves, birds, crocodiles and people.
Species Interaction

Recreational & Commercial Fishing

Barramundi are a prized fish for anglers, known for their intelligence, strong fight and great taste. They are also an important commercial fish as they are fast growing fish reaching lengths of 30 cm (12 in) within a year.

Barramundi have a wide range in the Indo-West Pacific region, including parts of South Asia, Papua New Guinea and Northern Australia.

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Latidae

Genus: Lates

Species: Lates calcarifer

Conservation Status

Based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Barramundi is currently categorised as “Least Concern”(LC).

LC is the lowest category on the scale for risk with “Extinct”(EX) being the highest.

Fish Taste Quality

Barramundi are a edible fish and a highly targeted species for consumption.

Taste Rating: 4/5

How to catch

Catch Difficulty: Intermediate

Tackle: Floater Rig, Running Sinker Rig, Artificial Rig

Bait: Lures, Pilchards, Prawns, Soft plastics, Live minnow

Technique: Slowly sink bait towards bottom, Trolling, Cast lures close to structure

Popularity: Highly Targeted

error: Alert: Content selection is disabled!!