Lepidogalaxias salamandroides
Salamanderfish - Marinewise © 2023 MarineWise

Quick Facts

Scientific name Lepidogalaxias salamandroides
Other names Dwarf Pencilfish, Long Finned Galaxias, Mud Minnow, Scaled Galaxias
Size Up to 7.4 cm (2.91 in)
Weight A few grams


Habitat & AU Distribution Shallow freshwater streams, creeks, drains & temporary pools in sandy areas
Depth Range 0 - 1 m (3 ft)
Salamanderfish Distribution

Interesting Info

  • The Salamanderfish is a freshwater fish found only in southwestern Western Australia. It is only found in the headwaters of rivers and streams and is threatened by habitat destruction and invasive species.
  • It is commonly known as the salamanderfish due to its appearance and behaviour, which are reminiscent of salamanders.
  • The Salamanderfish has a unique ability to absorb oxygen through its skin, which is similar to the way amphibians breathe.
  • It has a scaleless, elongated body with a flattened head and small eyes.
  • They have a very low metabolic rate and can survive for long periods without food.
  • Females are generally larger than males and can produce up to 50 eggs during the breeding season.
  • he species is a bottom-dwelling fish and feeds on small invertebrates and insects that live in the riverbed.
  • The Salamanderfish is a living fossil, with its lineage dating back to the early Jurassic period, over 180 million years ago.
  • Estimated lifespan is up to 15 years in the wild.
Species Interaction

Minimal Species Contact

Interactions between people and Salamanderfish in the wild are generally limited and are typically focused on scientific research and conservation efforts to protect this unique and ancient species.

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Lepidogalaxiiformes

Family: Lepidogalaxiidae

Genus: Lepidogalaxias

Species: Lepidogalaxias salamandroides

Conservation Status

The Salamanderfish is listed as a threatened species in Western Australia, where it is found. The species is listed as Endangered under the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, and it is also listed as Critically Endangered under the Western Australian Biodiversity Conservation Act 2016.

error: Alert: Content selection is disabled!!