Western Australian Salmon

Arripis Truttaceus
Western Australian Salmon - Marinewise © 2023 MarineWise

Quick Facts

Scientific name Arripis Truttaceus
Other names West Australian Salmon, Australian Salmon, Bay Trout, Black Back, Cocky Salmon, Colonial Salmon, Jack Salmon, Kahawais, Lumpy, Ocean Trout, Poundies, Salmon Trout, Southern Australian Salmon
Size Up to 1 m (3.2 ft)
Weight Up to 9 kg (20 lb)


Habitat & AU Distribution Coastal waters, including sandy beaches, rocky shores, estuaries, & inlets, with a preference for areas of currents & upwelling
Depth Range 1 - 20 m (65 ft)
Western Australian Salmon Distribution

Interesting Info

  • Western Australian Salmon are found along the coastal waters of Western Australia, South Australia, Victoria, and Tasmania. They can be found along the entire coastline from Shark Bay in Western Australia to as far east as Tasmania.
  • They have a have a streamlined body shape with a silver to bluish coloration on their back and sides, fading to a white belly. They can grow up to 1 meter in length and weigh around 9 kilograms, making them a relatively large species of salmon.
  • Western Australian Salmon are opportunistic predators, feeding primarily on small fish, crustaceans, and squid. They have a voracious appetite and can be seen aggressively chasing and herding schools of baitfish.
  • They are known for their annual migration along the Western Australian coast. They move in large numbers, covering vast distances in search of suitable feeding grounds and spawning areas.
  • These salmon are fast and powerful swimmers, capable of reaching high speeds when hunting or migrating. They often swim in large schools or shoals, which helps protect them from predators and facilitates their feeding and breeding behaviours.
  • In addition to being a predator, they are also prey and an important food source for sharks, dolphins, seals, and seabirds.
  • These fish are known for their annual mass spawning events, which occur during the Australian autumn (March to May). They migrate in large numbers to shallow coastal areas, where females release eggs into the water and males simultaneously release sperm to fertilise them.
  • Estimates of lifespan are between 10 – 12 years.
Species Interaction

Recreational & Commercial Fishing

Western Australian Salmon are not only popular among anglers but also attract tourists and outdoor enthusiasts. The opportunity to witness their annual migration and spawning events draws many visitors to the Western Australian coastline. They also have commercial fishing significance, as their flesh is highly regarded for its taste and quality.

Scientific Classification

Kingdom: Animalia

Phylum: Chordata

Class: Actinopterygii

Order: Perciformes

Family: Arripidae

Genus: Arripis

Species: Arripis Truttaceus

Conservation Status

In Australia, the Western Australian Salmon is not listed as a threatened species. It is considered a species of least concern due to its abundance and wide distribution along the Western Australian coast and extending into other states.

Fish Taste Quality

Western Australian Salmon are a good eating fish. They have firm, flavourful flesh with a rich taste, making them versatile for various cooking methods and enjoyable to eat.

Taste Rating: 3/5

How to catch
Western Australian Salmon

Catch Difficulty: Intermediate

Tackle: Patternoster Rig, Running Sinker Rig, Artificial Rig

Bait: Fresh cut flesh baits, Herring, Lures, Pilchards, Prawns, Squid, Soft plastics

Technique: Cast bait/jig/lure near schooling fish

Popularity: Highly targeted

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